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BNPB is Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency. BNPB is a non-departmental ministerial-level government agency, tasked with providing guidance and direction to the efforts of disaster management that includes disaster prevention, emergency response, rehabilitation and reconstruction in a fair and equal way. BNPB functions as a policy maker regarding refugee/IDP management for effective and efficient response. It coordinates the implementation of disaster management activities in a planned, integrated and comprehensive way.
The Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR) is a joint initiative between the governments of Australia and Indonesia. They work to strengthen Indonesia’s ability to reduce the impact of disasters. The Australian and Indonesian governments at a special ceremony on 15 July 2010 launched the Australia-Indonesia facility. The launch marks an important event in the strong relationship now shared by both countries and their united commitment to better prepare for and respond to natural disasters in Indonesia.
Free, collaborative maps are uniquely valuable to humanitarian work, especially in places where base map data is often scarce, out-of-date, or rapidly changing. OpenStreetMap is a web project to create a free and open map of the entire world, built entirely by volunteers surveying with GPS, digitising aerial imagery, and collecting and liberating existing public sources of geographic data. The Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) is an initiative to apply the principles and activities of open source and open data sharing towards humanitarian response and economic development.
Universitas Gadjah Mada (internationally known as Gadjah Mada University, or UGM) is a top research university located in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The Department of Geodetic Engineering and Faculty of Engineering focuses on education, research, and community services related to geodesy and geomatics engineering, including acquisition, analysis, and uses of detailed and accurate geospatial data and large-scale maps using open source geospatial software for disaster management.
A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system designed to enable people to work with data related to places on Earth. A GIS allows the creation, storage, manipulation and analysis of geographic data. GIS is a very broad concept and can involve complex hardware and software. But for most people’s purposes, a simple GIS software application is all that is required.
GIS can be used in a variety of fields, including disaster management. In this training we use GIS software that is free and open, which includes special functionality for the preparation of contingency plans.
The software, called QGIS, is a Geographic Information System (GIS) that is user-friendly and open-source. InaSAFE is a QGIS plugin, which is also free and open-source. It can create realistic scenarios of natural disaster impact for planning, preparation and better response. InaSAFE is developed by AIFDR through consultation with BNPB.
Data Analysis using QGIS and InaSAFE covers different material from the previous unit, complementing and building on top of it. Unit One was about the collection of relevant data using OSM. In this unit we will explore how to use geographic data to better understand disaster impact and to help develop contingency plans.